info)), variant spellings include Motecuhzomatzin, Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma, Motēuczōmah, Muteczuma, and referred to retroactively in European sources as Moctezuma II, was the ninth Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan and the sixth Huey Tlatoani or Emperor of the Aztec Empire (also known as Mexica Empire), reigning from …
What did Moctezuma II rule?
Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of Hernan Cortés.
How long did Montezuma II rule?
Montezuma II was the ninth king of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. During that time, he maintained the aqueducts, or large pipes that brought fresh water into the city.
Was Montezuma the last Aztec ruler?
Montezuma II was the last of the Aztec emperors, who was defeated by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1520.
Who was Montezuma II quizlet?
Montezuma II was the last of the Aztec emperors, who was defeated by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1520. Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima.
What happened when Cortés tried to embrace Montezuma?
Cortés placed a necklace of pearls and cut glass around the neck of Montezuma, but was held back by two lords when he tried to embrace the emperor. The Aztecs led the Spaniards into the heart of the city where Montezuma showered them with more gifts and then quartered them in sumptous apartments.
What happened between Montezuma and Cortés?
Cortés faces Montezuma on the great causeway leading to Tenochtitlan. Less than a week later, he seizes the Aztec ruler and takes control of the city. The Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on the Night of Tears. Having lost more than half their company, they rally at Tlacopan before retreating to Tlaxcala.
What did Moctezuma 1 do?
Montezuma I (1397-1469), who ruled the Aztecs from 1440 to 1469, is best known for his expansion of the empire and for his building projects, including the dike across Lake Texcoco and the temple to the god Huitzilopochtli.
Was Montezuma a coward?
“The invented Montezuma in many ways is the opposite of the real Montezuma. The invented Montezuma is weak and a coward and a failure. He’s superstitious, afraid of the Spaniards and overwhelmed by them.”
Was Montezuma II a good leader?
He Was a Great Warrior and General
More often than not, these were successful, although his inability to conquer the antagonistic Tlaxcalans would come back to haunt him when the Spanish invaders arrived in 1519.
Did Montezuma think Cortés was a god?
An unnerving series of coincidences led Montezuma to believe that perhaps Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, who had promised to return one day to reclaim his kingdom. Quetzalcoatl, “the feathered serpent,” stood for the solar light, the morning star. He symbolized knowledge, arts, and religion.
Who did Montezuma think Cortés was and why was he so passive towards him?
Answer. Aztec Emperor Montezuma II believed Hernan Cortes was the god Queztacoaltl, but he was wrong and Cortes took him prisoner and the Aztec Empire fell to Spain.
Why did Moctezuma II welcome Hernán Cortés?
Montezuma’s decision to welcome Cortés into his city reflected his strength and intelligence, not his weakness. Years of reports of Spaniards along the coastline suggested they were in the Americas to stay. Even defeating Cortés outright would only delay the inevitable negotiations that must be made with the newcomers.
What happened when the Spanish entered Tenochtitlán?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
When did the Spanish conquistadors arrived in Mesoamerica?
When Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Aztec imperial city in 1519, Mexico-Tenochtitlán was led by Moctezuma II. The city had prospered and was estimated to host a population of between 200,000 and 300,000 residents. At first, the conquistadors described Tenochtitlán as the greatest city they had ever seen.
Why did Pizarro and 180 conquistadors go on an expedition to South America?
They prepared an expedition for discovery and conquest down the west coast of South America Together, they set out in search of riches in South America. Pizarro sailed from the Bay of Panama in November 1524.